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Gospel Roots – A Beginning Catechism for Families with Children

Gospel Roots

The following series of questions and answers have been adopted from the Baptist Catechism for Boys and Girls with additions from the Heidelburg and Boyce Catechisms. This has been edited and arranged by Ben Ellis and David Crowe.

Section 1: Questions about God, Humanity, and Sin

1. Who made you? God made me.

(Genesis 1:26-27; 2:7; Ecclesiastes 12:1; Acts 17:24-29)

2. What else did God make? God made all things.

(Genesis 1, especially verses 1, 31; Acts 14:15; Romans 11:36; Colossians 1:16)

3. Why did God make you and all things? For his own glory.

(Psalm 19:1; Jeremiah 9:23, 24; Revelation 4:11,15)

Explanation: God’s glory is his goodness and his greatness

4. How can you glorify God? By loving him and doing what he commands.

(Ecclesiastes 12:13; Mark 12:29-31; John 15:8-10; 1 Corinthians 10:31)

5. Why should you glorify God? Because he made me and takes care of me.

(Romans 11:36; Revelation 4:11)

6. Are there more gods than one? No, there is only one true God.

(Deuteronomy 6:4; Jeremiah 10:10; Mark 12:29; Acts 17:22-31)

7. In how many persons does this one true God exist? In three persons.

(Matthew 3:16-17; John 5:23; 10:30; 14:9-10; 15:26; 16:13-15; 1 John 5:20, 2 John 9; Revelation 1:4, 5)

8. Who are they? God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.

(Matthew 28:19; 2 Corinthians 13:14; 1 Peter 1:2; Jude 20-21)

9. Who is God? God is a Spirit, and does not have a body like us.

(John 4:24; 2 Corinthians 3:17; 1 Timothy 1:17)

10. Where is God? God is everywhere.

(Psalm 139:7-12; Jeremiah 23:23-24; Acts 17:27-28)

11. Can you see God? No. I cannot see God, but he always sees me.

(Genesis 16:13; Exodus 33:20; John 1:18; 1 Timothy 6:16; Psalm 139 especially verses 1-5;

Proverbs 5:21; Hebrews 4:12-13).

12. Does God know all things? Yes. Nothing can be hidden from God.

(1 Chronicles 28:9; 2 Chronicles 16:9; Luke 12:6-7; Romans 2:16)

13. Can God do all things? God can do all things that are consistent with his character.

(Psalm 147:5; Jeremiah 32:17; Daniel 4:34-35; Ephesians 1:11)

14. Where do you learn how to love and obey God? Only in the Bible.

(Job 11:7; Psalm 119:104; Isaiah 8:20; Matthew 22:29; 2 Timothy 3:15-17)

15. Who wrote the Bible? The Holy Spirit inspired faithful men to write the scriptures.

(1 Peter 1:20-21; Acts 1:16; 2 Timothy 3:16; 1 Peter 1:10-11)

16. Can we trust the Bible? Yes. The Bible is all-sufficient and without error.

(2 Timothy 3:16-17; Revelation 22:18-19; Psalm 12:6; Numbers 23:19)

Explanation: “All-sufficient” means that the Bible teaches us all we need to know about God, how to obey Him, our sin, and God’s way of salvation. (This explanation was adapted from “A Brief Catechism” by James P. Boyce, section 1, question 8.)

17. Who were our first parents? Adam and Eve.

(Genesis 2:18-25; 3:20; 5:1-2; Acts 17:26; 1 Timothy 2:13)

18. Of what were our first parents made?

God made the body of Adam out of the ground, and formed Eve from the body of Adam.

(Genesis 2:7, 21-23; 3:19; Psalm 103:14)

19. What did God give Adam and Eve besides bodies?

He gave them souls that could never die.

(1 Corinthians 15:45: Ecclesiastes 12:7; Zechariah 12:1)

20. Have you a soul as well as a body?

Yes. The Bible teaches me that I have a soul that can never die.

(Matthew 10:28; Mark 8:34-38; 12:30)

21. In what condition did God make Adam and Eve? He made them without sin, full of joy, and in His image.

(Genesis 1:26-28; Psalm 8:4-8)

22. Did Adam and Eve stay without sin and full of joy? No. They Chose to sin against God

(Genesis 3:1-7; Ecclesiastes 7:29; Hosea 6:7)

23. What is sin? Sin is any disobedience or transgression of God’s law.

(Romans 3:20; James 2:9-10; 1 John 3:4)

24. What is disobedience? Disobedience is not being or doing what we know God requires.

(James 4:17, Romans 1:18-20)

25. What is transgression? Transgression is doing what God forbids.

(1 Samuel 13:8-14; 15:22-23; Hosea 6:7; Romans 1:21-32)

26. What was the sin of our first parents? They disobeyed God by eating the forbidden fruit.

(Genesis 2:16-17; 3:6)

27. Why did they eat the forbidden fruit? They chose to listen to the serpent instead of listening to the word of God. (Genesis 3:1-6; Hebrews 11:6)

28. Who tempted them to this sin? The devil tempted Eve, and she gave the fruit to Adam. (Genesis 3:1-13; 2 Corinthians 11:3; 1 Timothy 2:13-14; Revelation 12:9)

29. What happened to our first parents when they sinned?

They received the penalty of death and became separated from God.

(Genesis 3:14-24; 4:1-24; James 1:14-15)

30. What effect did the sin of Adam have on all humanity?

Everyone is now born with a sin nature that results in death and separation from God.

(Psalm 51:5; Romans 5:12, 18-19, 6:23; 1 Corinthians 15:21-22; 1 John 5:19)

31. What do we inherit from Adam as a result of this original sin? A sinful nature.

(1 Kings 8:46; Psalm 14:2-3; 58:3; Ecclesiastes 9:3; Matthew 15:18-20; John 2:24-25; Romans 8:7)

32. What does every sin deserve? The anger and judgment of God.

(Deuteronomy 27:26; Romans 1:18; 2:2; Galatians 3:10; Ephesians 5:6).

33. Do we know what God requires of us?

Yes. He has given us his law both in our hearts and in writing.

(Romans 2:14-15)

34. Can anyone go to heaven with a sinful nature?

No. Our hearts must be changed before we can be ready for heaven.

(Romans 8:7; Jeremiah 31:33-34; Ezekiel 36: 25-27; John 1:12-13; 3:1-10; 1 John 5:1, 4, 18)

35. What is a change of heart called? Regeneration.

(Titus 3:5-6)

36. Who can change a sinner’s heart? Only the Holy Spirit.

(John 3:3; Romans 8:6-11; 1 Corinthians 2:9-14; 2 Thessalonians 2:13-14; Titus 3:5-6)

Section 2: Questions about the Ten Commandments

37. How many commandments did God give on Mount Sinai? Ten Commandments.

(Exodus 20:1-17; Deuteronomy 5:1-22)

38. Why should we obey the Ten Commandments?

Because God is our Creator, Savior, and King. (Exodus 20:1-2, 11; Deuteronomy 5:1-6)

39. What do the first four commandments teach? Our duty to God.

(Deuteronomy 6:5-6; 10:12-13)

40. What do the last six commandments teach? Our duty to our neighbor.

(Deuteronomy 10:19; Micah 6:8; Galatians 6:10)

41. What is the sum of the Ten Commandments?

To love God with all my heart, and my neighbor as myself.

(Deuteronomy 6:1-15; 11:1; Matthew 22:35-40; James 2:8).

42. Who is your neighbor? Everyone is my neighbor.

(Luke 6:35; 10:25-37)

43. What is the first commandment?

The first commandment is, ‘You shall have no other gods before me.’

(Exodus 20:3; Deuteronomy 5:7).

44. What does the first commandment teach us? To worship only God.

(Isaiah 45:5-6; Matthew 4:10; Revelation 22:8-9)

45. What is the second commandment?

The second commandment is, ‘You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in

heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. You shall not bow down to them and worship them.’

(Exodus 20:4-6; Deuteronomy 5:8-10)

46. What does the second commandment teach us?

To worship God in the right way, and to avoid idolatry.

(Isaiah 44:9-20; 46:5-9; John 4:23-24; Acts 17:29)

47. What is the third commandment?

The third commandment is,“You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.”

(Exodus 20:7; Deuteronomy 5:11)

48. What does the third commandment teach us?

To respect God’s name, Word, and works.

(Isaiah 8:13; Psalm 29:2; 138:2; Revelation 15:3-4)

49. What is the fourth commandment?

Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.

(Exodus 20:8-11; 23:12; Deuteronomy 5:12-15)

50. What does the fourth commandment teach us?

To rest knowing that God has finished his work and kept his promises in Jesus Christ.

(Genesis 2:2-3; 2 Corinthians 1:20; Hebrews 4:1-16)

51. How do we rest?

In prayer and praise, in hearing and reading God’s Word, in doing good to our neighbor, in repenting from sin, and in trusting the Lord. In this way of life, we begin to enter eternal rest.

(Isaiah 58:13-14; 66:23; Acts 20:7; 1 Corinthians 16:2; Luke 4:16; Matthew 12:10-13) (This question and answer is adapted from “The Heidelberg Catechism, “ Lord’s Day 39, question 104)

52. What is the fifth commandment?

The fifth commandment is, ‘Honor your father and mother so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you.’ (Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16)

53. What does the fifth commandment teach us? To love and obey our parents.

(Matthew 15:3-6; Ephesians 6:1-3; Colossians 3:20)

54. What is the sixth commandment? The sixth commandment is, ‘You shall not murder.’

(Exodus 20:13; Deuteronomy 5:17)

55. What does the sixth commandment teach us? To avoid hatred and anger.

(Matthew 5:21-24; 1 John 3:15; James 4:1-3)

56. What is the seventh commandment?

The seventh commandment is, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’

(Exodus 20:14; Deuteronomy 5:18)

57. What does the seventh commandment teach us?

To be pure in heart, language and conduct.

(Matthew 5:27-28; Ephesians 5:3-5; Philippians 4:8-9)

58. What is the eighth commandment?

The eighth commandment is, ‘You shall not steal.’

(Exodus 20:15; Deuteronomy 5:19)

59. What does the eighth commandment teach us?

To be honest and not to take things which belong to others.

(Exodus 23:4; Proverbs 21:6-7; Ephesians 4:28).

60. What is the ninth commandment?

The ninth commandment is, ‘You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.’

(Exodus 20:16; Deuteronomy 5:20)

61. What does the ninth commandment teach us?

To tell the truth and not to speak evil about others.

(Psalm 15:1-3; Zechariah 8:16; 1 Corinthians 13:6; James 4:11)

62. What is the tenth commandment?

The tenth commandment is, ‘You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your

neighbor’s wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to

your neighbor.’

(Exodus 20:17; Deuteronomy 5:21; Romans 7:7)

63. What does the tenth commandment teach us? To be content with what we have.

(Philippians 4:11; 1 Timothy 6:6-8; Hebrews 13:5)

64. Can anyone keep these Ten Commandments?

No one since the fall of Adam, except our Lord Jesus, ever did or can keep the Ten Commandments perfectly. (Proverbs 20:9; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Romans 3:19-20; James 2:10; 1 John 1:8, 10)

65. Of what use are the Ten Commandments to us?

They teach us our duty, make clear our guilt, and show us our need for the Savior.

(1 Timothy 1:8-11; Romans 3:20; Galatians 3:24)

66. Does God condemn all men?

No. There is now therefore no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.

(Romans 3:19-20, 23-25, 8:1; John 17:11-12; Isaiah 53:11)

Section 3: Questions about Salvation

67. What is the Old Covenant? An agreement between God and the Israelites established at Mount Sinai in the giving of God’s laws. The Israelites repeatedly disobeyed God’s laws, breaking the covenant and bringing God’s wrath on them.

(Exodus 20; Deuteronomy 6; Psalm 78; Romans 9:4; 3:1; 7:12; Galatians 3:19-29)

68. What is the New Covenant? A covenant that does not depend on man, but solely on God’s

promise to save his elect people from their sins and the world from its curse.

(Genesis 17:1-8; Romans 11:27; Galatians 2:8; Hebrews 10:16-17; 13:20-21; Jeremiah 31:31-34; Ezekiel 36:25-28)

69. What did Christ do to fulfill the New Covenant?

Christ kept the whole law for his people, suffered on the cross the punishment due to their sins, was raised from the dead so that they might share in his life, and has ascended to heaven where he speaks to the Father on their behalf.

(Romans 4:25; 8:3-4; Galatians 4:4-5; 1 Timothy 3:16; Hebrews 6:17-20; 7:22; 9:14-15; 13:20-21; 1 John 2:1-2)

70. What is Christ’s fulfillment of the New Covenant called? The gospel.

(Romans 1:9, 15-18; Galatians 2:8-14; 1 Corinthians 15:1-8; Jeremiah 31:31-37; Mark 14:22-26)

71. Did our Lord Jesus Christ ever sin?

No. He was holy and clean and obeyed God perfectly.

(Luke 23: 47; Philippians 2:8; Hebrews 4:15; 7:26; 1 Peter 2:22; 1 John 3:5)

72. How could the Son of God suffer?

Christ, the Son of God, took flesh and blood and became a human being so that he might be the

substitute for sinful humanity.

(John 1:14; Romans 8:3; Galatians 4:4; Philippians 2:7-8; Hebrews 2:14-18; 4:15)

73. What is the atonement?

Christ satisfied God’s justice by his suffering and death as a substitute for sinners.

(Mark 10:45; Acts 13:38-39; Romans 3:24-26; 5:8-9; 2 Corinthians 5:19-21; Galatians 3:13; 1 Peter 3:18)

74. What kind of life did Christ live on earth?

Christ lived a sinless life of perfect obedience to God’s law.

(Matthew 5:17; Romans 10:4; 1 Peter 2:21-22)

75. What kind of death did Christ die? The painful and shameful death of the cross.

(Psalm 22; Isaiah 53; Matthew 27:27-56; Mark 15:16-41; Luke 23:26-49; John 19:17-30)

76. For whom did Christ die?

For the whole world but especially for those whom the Father had given him.

(John 3:16; Romans 3:23-24; 1 John 2:1-2; 1 Timothy 4:10; Isaiah 53:8, 12; John 10:11, 15-16, 26-29; 17:9; Hebrews 2:13).

77. Who will be saved? Only those who repent from sin and believe in Christ will be saved. (Mark 1:15; Luke 13:3,5; Acts 2:37-41; 16:30-31; 20:21; 26:20)

78. What does it mean to repent?

To be sorry for sin, to hate and reject it because it is displeasing to God, and to turn away from sin to serve Christ.

(Luke 19:8-10; Romans 6:1- 2; 2 Corinthians 7:9-11; 1 Thessalonians 1:9-10)

79. What does it mean to believe or have faith in Christ?

To know that your only hope is Christ and trust only in Christ for salvation.

(John 14:6; Acts 4:12; 1 Timothy 2:5; 1 John 5:11-12)

80. Can you repent and believe in Christ by your own power?

No. Only God by his Spirit gives repentance.

(Ephesians 2:1, 4-5; 1 Corinthians 2:13-14; 12:3; Romans 2:4, 5:5)

81. How do you receive the Holy Spirit?

You receive the Holy Spirit the moment you receive Christ as your Savior and Lord.

(Ephesians 1:13-14; 1 Corinthians 12:13; Romans 8:9)

82. How were godly persons saved before Christ came?

They believed in the Savior to come.

(John 8:56; Galatians 3:8-9; 1 Corinthians 10:1-4; Hebrews 9:15; 11:13)

83. How did they show their faith? By offering sacrifices on God’s altar.

(Exodus 24:3-8; 1 Chronicles 29:20-25; Hebrews 9:19-23; 10:1; 11:28)

84. What did these sacrifices represent?

Christ, the Lamb of God, who would die for sinners.

(Exodus 12:46; John 19:36; Hebrews 9-10; John 1:29; 1 Corinthians 5:7; 1 Peter 1:19).

85. What three offices does Christ fulfill for his people?

He does the work of a prophet, a priest, and a king.

(Hebrews 1:1-3; 5:5-10; Revelation 1:5; Matthew 13:57; John 18:37)

86. How is Christ a prophet? He reveals God to us and teaches us His will.

(Deuteronomy 18:15,18; John 1:18; 4:25-26; 14:23-24; 1 John 5:20)

87. Why do you need Christ as a prophet? Because I am ignorant.

(Job 11:7; Matthew 11:25-27; John 6:67-69; 17:25-26; 1 Corinthians 2:14-16; 2 Corinthians 4:3-6)

88. How is Christ a priest? He died for our sins and prays to God for us.

(Psalm 110:4; 1 Timothy 2:5-6; Hebrews 4:14-16; 7:24-25; 1 John 2:1-2)

89. Why do you need Christ as a priest? Because I am guilty.

(Proverbs 20:9; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Romans 3:19-23; Hebrews 10:14, 27-28; 1 John 1:8- 9)

90. How is Christ a king? He rules over us and defends us.

(Psalm 2:6-9; Matthew 28:18-20; Ephesians 1:19-23; Colossians 1:13, 18; Revelation 15:3- 4)

91. Why do you need Christ as a king? Because I am weak and helpless.

(John 15:4-5; 2 Corinthians 12:9; Philippians 4:13; Colossians 1:11; Jude 24-25)

92. What did God the Father do to fulfill the covenants of promise?

God the Father elected, justified, adopted, and sanctified in Christ Jesus those sinners whom he

purposed to save.

(Exodus 33:18-19; Ephesians 1:3-5; Romans 8:29-33; Galatians 4:4-7; Hebrews 10:9-10; 1

Corinthians 1:8-9; Philippians 1:6; 1 Thessalonians 4:3, 7; 5:23-24).

93. What is election? God’s good and gracious choice of certain sinners for salvation.

(Ephesians 1:3-4; 1 Thessalonians 1:4; 1 Peter 1:1-2)

94. What is justification?

God’s regarding sinners as if they had never sinned and giving them righteousness in Christ.

(Zechariah 3:1-5; Romans 3:24-26; 4:5; 5:17-19; 8:33; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews 8:12;

Philippians 3:9)

95. What is righteousness? It is God’s goodness.

(Exodus 33:19; 34:6; Psalm 33:5; Hosea 3:5; Romans 11:22)

96. Can anyone be saved by his own righteousness?

No. No one can satisfy God’s standard.

(Proverbs 20:9; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Romans 3:10-23)

97. What is adoption?

God’s good and gracious reception of sinners into His family as beloved children.

(John 1:12; Romans 8:12-17; Ephesians 1:5; Galatians 4:7, 31; 1 John 3:1-3)

98. What is sanctification?

God’s freeing sinners in Christ Jesus from slavery to sin so that they may live for God by faith with a love for God in heart and life.

(John 17:17; Romans 6:1-14; 8:1-4; 1 Corinthians 1:30; Ephesians 2:10; 4:22-24; 1 Thessalonians 5:23)

99. Will the Christian be totally free from sin in this life?

No. A growing love for God by faith are certain and continual, but freedom from sin is complete only in heaven.

(Philippians 3:12-15; 2 Peter 1:3-8; 1 John 3:2)

100. What keeps the Christian from being totally free from sin in this life?

The remaining sinful nature. The Bible says, “For the sinful nature desires what is contrary to the Spirit… so you do not do what you want.”

(Galatians 5:17; see Philippians 3:12-15; 1 John 3:1-3)

101. What does the Holy Spirit do to fulfill the covenants of promise?

He regenerates, baptizes, and seals sinners in Christ for salvation.

(Galatians 3:14; 1 Corinthians 12:13; Ephesians 1:13-14; 2:1-8; 4:30; 2 Corinthians 1:22).

102. What is regeneration?

A change of heart that leads to true repentance and faith.

(Galatians 5:22; Ephesians 2:5-8; 2 Thessalonians 2:13)

103. How does the Holy Spirit baptize believers?

He puts them into the body of Christ and makes them a living part God’s family, the church.

(1 Corinthians 12)

104. How does the Holy Spirit seal believers?

He comes to live within them to guarantee that they will receive the wonders God has promised

those who love Him.

(Romans 8:9-11; Ephesians 1:13-14; 4:30; 2 Timothy 1:9; 2 Corinthians 1:22)

Section 4: Questions about Prayer

105. What is prayer? Prayer is talking with God.

(Genesis 17:22; 18:33; Nehemiah 1:4-11; 2:4; Matthew 6:6; Romans 8:26-27)

106. In whose name should we pray? We should pray in the name of the Lord Jesus.

(John 14:13-14; 16:23-24; Hebrews 4:14-16)

107. What has Christ given to teach us how to pray? The Lord’s Prayer.

(Matthew 6:5-15; Luke 11:1-13)

108. Can you repeat the Lord’s Prayer?

Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our debts as we also have forgiven our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.

109. How many petitions are there in the Lord’s Prayer? Six.

110. What is the first petition? Let us honor your name as holy.

(Matthew 6:9; Luke 11:2)

111. What do we pray for in the first petition?

That God’s name may be honored by us and all people.

(Psalm 8:1; 72:17-19; 113:1-3; 145:21; Isaiah 8:13)

112. What is the second petition? Your kingdom come. (Matthew 6:10; Luke 11:2)

113. What do we pray for in the second petition?

That the gospel may be preached in the entire world, and believed and obeyed by all people.

(Matthew 28:19-20; John 17:20-21; Acts 8:12; 28:30-31; 2 Thessalonians 3:1)

114. What is the third petition? Your will be done on earth as it is in heaven.

(Matthew 6:10; Luke 11:2)

115. What do we pray for in the third petition?

That people on earth may serve God as the angels do in heaven.

(Psalm 67; 103:19-22; John 9:31; Revelation 4:11)

116. What is the fourth petition? Give us today our daily bread. (Matthew 6:11; Luke 11:3)

117. What do we pray for in the fourth petition?

That God will give us everything we need for our bodies.

(Psalm 145:15-16; Proverbs 30:8-9; 1 Timothy 4:4-5)

118. What is the fifth petition?

Forgive us our sins as we forgive those who sin against us. (Matthew 6:12; Luke 11:4)

119. What do we pray for in the fifth petition?

That God will forgive our sins, and enable us to forgive those who have sinned against us. (Psalm 51; Matthew 5:23-24; 18:21-35; 1 John 1:9; 4:20-21)

120. What is the sixth petition? And lead us not into temptation but deliver us from evil.

(Matthew 6:13; Luke 11:4)

121. What do we pray for in the sixth petition? That God will keep us from sin.

(1 Chronicles 4:10; Psalm 119:11; Matthew 26:41)

122. What does prayer teach us? Our complete dependence on God.

(Hebrews 4:16; Ephesians 6:18; Philippians 4:6)

Section 5: Questions about the Word, the Church, and the Ordinances

123. How does the Holy Spirit bring us to salvation?

He convicts us of sin, righteousness, and judgment, and uses the Bible to show us Jesus.

(John 16:8; 1 Thessalonians 1:5-6; 2:13; 2 Timothy 3:15-16; James 1:18; 1 Pet 1:22-23)

124. How can we know God’s Word?

We are commanded to hear, read and study the Scriptures.

(1 Peter 2:2; Revelation 3:22; Matthew 21:42; 22:29; 2 Timothy 3:14-17)

125. What is a church?

An assembly of baptized believers who meet together under the preaching of God’s Word.

(Matthew 18:20; Acts 2:42)

126. What two ordinances did Christ give to his Church? Baptism and the Lord’s Supper.

(Matthew 28:19; 1 Corinthians 11:24-26)

127. Why Did Christ give these ordinances?

To show that his disciples belong to him, and to remind them of what he has done for them.

(Matthew 28:19; 1 Corinthians 11:24-26)

128. What is baptism?

The dipping of believers into water, as a sign of their union with Christ in his death, burial, and

resurrection.

(John 3:23; Acts 2:41; 8:12, 35-38; Colossians 2:12)

129. What is the purpose of baptism?

To signify God’s cleansing from sin through Jesus Christ.

(Acts 22:16; Colossians 2:11-14)

130. Who should be baptized?

Only those who repent from their sins and believe in Christ for salvation.

(Acts 2:37-41; 8:12; 18:8; 19:4-5).

131. Should babies be baptized?

No, because the Bible neither commands it, nor gives any example of it.

132. What is the Lord’s Supper?

The eating of bread and drinking of the fruit of the vine to remember the sufferings and death of Christ. (Mark 14:22-24; 1 Corinthians 11:23-29)

133. What does the bread represent? The bread represents the body of Christ, broken for our sins.

(Matthew 26:26; 1 Corinthians 11:24)

134. What does the fruit of the vine represent? The fruit of the vine represents the blood of Christ, poured out for our salvation. (Matthew 26:27-28; 1 Corinthians 11:25)

135. Who should partake of the Lord’s Supper? Baptized believers who repent of their sins and love one another. (Matthew 5:21-24; 1 Corinthians 10:16-17; 11:18, 20, 27-33; 1 John 3:24-27; 4:9-11)

Section 6: Questions about Last Things

136. Did Christ remain in the tomb after his crucifixion? No. He rose from the tomb on the third day after his death. (Luke 24:45-47; 1 Corinthians 15:3-4)

137. Where is Christ now? Christ is in heaven, seated at the right hand of God the Father. (Romans 8:34; Colossians 3:1; Hebrews 1:3; 10:12; 12:2)

138. Will Christ come again? Yes. At the last day he will come to judge the world.

(Matthew 25:31-43; 2 Thessalonians 1:7-10; 2 Timothy 4:1)

139. What happens to men when they die?

The body returns to dust, and the soul goes to be with God or to a place of suffering and waiting for judgment. (Genesis 3:19; Ecclesiastes 12:7; 2 Corinthians 5:1-6; Hebrews 12:22-23; Philippians 1:23; 2 Peter 2:9; Romans 2:5)

140. Will the bodies of the dead be raised to life again? Yes. The Bible says, “There will be a

resurrection of both the righteous and the wicked.” (Acts 24:15b; see John 5:28-29; Daniel 12:2)

141. What will happen to the wicked in the Day of Judgment? They will be cast into hell.

(Psalm 9:16-17; Luke 12:5; Romans 2:8-9,12; 2 Thessalonians 1:8-9; Revelation 20:12-15)

142. What is hell? Hell is a place of dreadful and endless punishment.

(Matthew 25:46; Mark 9:43-48; Luke 16:19-31)

143. What will happen to the righteous in the Day of Judgment?

They will live with Christ forever in a new heaven and a new earth.

(Isaiah 66:22; 1 Thessalonians 4;16-17; 2 Peter 3:10-13; Revelation 21:1-4)

144. In light of these truths, what should you do?

I should strive with all my energy to repent of sin and believe in the Lord Jesus Christ.

(Luke 13:23-24; John 6:27; Acts 16:31)